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Title Implimentation of a list using a linked list with pointers.
Author Ahmad Nashef
Author Email anashef [at] gmail.com
Description
Category C++ » Beginners / Lab Assignments
Hits 366872
Code Select and Copy the Code
//Implimentation of a list, using a linked list with pointers. #include <iostream.h> struct element { int number; element *next; }; /*************************************************************/ /* the operators declared on the type list.*/ void read(element *&list); void write(element *list); int length(element *list); int position(element *list, int num); void remove(element *&list,int position); void insert(element *&list,int new_num,int position); element *ele(element *list,int position); void add(int new_num,element *&list,element *this_el); void main() { element *list,*p,*q; int leng; read(list); write(list); q = ele (list,3); add (5,list,q); write(list); insert(list,10,2); write(list); remove(list,4); write(list); insert(list,12,1); write(list); leng = position(list,10); cout<< " pos of 10 is " << leng <<endl; cout<< " The length of the list is: " << length(list)<<endl; cout<<endl; ] } /* reading a list from input */ void read(element *&list) { element *p,*last; list = new element; p = list; cout<< " enter a number"; cin>>p->number; while (!cin.eof()) { p->next = new element; last = p; p = p->next; cout<< " enter a number "; cin>>p->number; } delete (p); last->next = NULL; } /***************************************************************/ /* writing a list on the output */ void write(element *list) { element *p; cout<<endl; p = list; while (p!=NULL) { cout<< p->number<<" "; p=p->next; } cout<<endl; } /****************************************************************/ /* Gets a list and returns its length */ int length (element *list) { element *p; int count=0; p=list; while (p!=NULL) { count++; p = p->next; } return count; } /******************************************************************/ /*Gets an element and returns its positon in the list. If the element*/ /*is not in the list, returns 0 */ int position(element *list,int num) { element *p; int i=1; for (p=list;p!=NULL;p=p->next) { if ((p->number)==num) return i; i++; } return 0; } /***************************************************************/ /*Gets a number and removes the element that stays in this position */ void remove(element *&list,int position) { element *before,*p; if (position==1) { before=list; list = list->next; delete (before); } else { before = ele (list,position-1); if (before!=NULL) { p = before->next; before->next = p->next; delete (p); } } } /***********************************************************/ /* Insert a new element to be the i-th element of the list */ /* the function uses the function add*/ void insert(element *&list,int new_num,int position) { element *p; if (position==1) add(new_num,list,NULL); else { p = ele(list,position-1); add(new_num,list,p); } } /****************************************************************/ /* Gets a position in the list and returns a pointer to the element*/ /* in this position*/ element *ele(element *list,int position) { element *p=list; int i; for (i=1;i<position;i++) { if (p==NULL) return p; p=p->next; } return p; } /************************************************************/ /* Add a new element after a given element.If the given element is NULL*/ /* Add the new element to be the first element*/ void add(int new_num,element *&list,element *this_el) { element *p; if (list==NULL) { list = new element; list->number = new_num; list->next = NULL; } else { p = new element; p->number = new_num; if (this_el==NULL) { p->next = list; list = p; } else { p->next=this_el->next; this_el->next = p; } } }

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